Iman family notes

Eyman Brenneman Shank Connections – Paths to Rockingham and Ohio

The Brenneman and Eyman association is ancient, stemming from the Middle Ages since both were from Oberdeissbach, a small mountain village overlooking the Thun castle and sea near Steffisburg and Berne. Melchior, a weaver by trade was born there in 1633. Though his parents had him baptized in the official “Reformed” church, Melchior became sympathetic with Anabaptist beliefs. Because of these beliefs he was taken to court and imprisoned in the Thun castle dungeon in 1659. He was set free after perhaps several years, but there are indications that against court orders he not only attended Reformed preaching services but met secretly with Anabaptists.

Berne Anabaptists

In 1670 the government of Canton Berne passed a severe mandate decreeing that all Anabaptists should be deported from all church parishes. This and other severe mandates were unpopular and not fully enforced. Anabaptists also brought pressure on themselves in refusing to take oaths of military service when commanded to do so.

Such pressures found Melchior leaving all his lands and property to flee with his family in 1671. The destination, as for so many exiles was the Palatine in Germany where following the devastations of a 30-year war, noblemen tolerated Anabaptist farmers and settlers who could improve estates. By January of 1672 there was a colony of Swiss Mennonnite refuges living in the town of Griesheim, twenty mildes northwest of the city of Worms. This rather destitute colony has some financial support from a Mennonite congregation of Amsterdam. Among the small colony were several to recur in Eyman family history. The Brennemans, the Shenck/Shanks, and of course the Eymans. The relationships between these families seems to have stayed fast into the new world. Melchior “the exile” Brenneman and his family were among the exiles visited by William Penn in 1677, offering them a haven in his Pennsylvania. Melchior Jr. was 9 years old at the time. The Brennimans, and then the Shanks, seem to have made it to America quite early, with Eymans making passage a bit later.

Migration

In about 1710, Melchior’s sons, Christian and Melchior, immigrated with their families to America. Arriving in Philadephia, they probably stayed with friends in Germantown for a period until land was secured and cleared. By 1715, Melchior “the pioneer” had secured warrants for 500 acres of land from Willam Penn at what amounted to 32 cents per acre. This unsettled wilderness was in an area soon to become known as Conestoga Township of Lancaster County.. New settlers were arriving; German farmers for the most part, with their horses, cattle, and hogs needing to be fenced off from the corn fields of the local Indians. This was an era of peace and harmony where little red faces and little white faces played with one another in the neighboring wigwams. Melchior continued adding acreage to his properties; first lots of 200 acres, then 90, 125, and then 700 acres along the Susquehannah River from a famous French Indian trader. Lands were set aside for a Mennonite Church – the New Danville Mennonite Church. His will, witnessed by Michael Shank, divided his far flung lands among five sons, leaving his son Melchior (III) with the homestead lands in Conestoga Township near the town of New Danville..

Melchior III had been born 1718 and was only 18 when his father died. When married, he was to receive the original160 acre plantation and would be a prominent citizen of Conestoga all of his life. Melchior was a prosperous farmer who lived his entire life on his father’s land. He was a man of deep religious fervor and untiring love for manual labor and thrift. Very early in life he was ordained a Mennonite minister. He organized the congregation and preached the first sermons in Good's Meeting House, the oldest house of worship of his sect in Donegal. He was a religious writer who composed numerous books and pamphlets some of which are still preserved. He also became quite a large landlord. To the original acreage he'd inherited, which included not only the homestead but 300 acres back from the river in Donegal, Reverent Melchior added 310 acres along the Susquehannah and a number of smaller plots in Donegal leading to over 950 acres. He ran a grist mill at Ridgeville, operated a distillery at Locust Grove, had an interest in a ferry which transported people across to the York County side. During the Revolutionary War he assisted in transporting supplies to Washington's army and his wagons carried military stores to the victors at Monmouth Court House.

A Mennonite for War?

This was a Mennonite of quite a different stripe. Deeply religious, his support of war was very unusual. All of Melchior's sons served in the militia, which is a striking contrast to the rigid Mennonite attitude of non-participation in warfare. They were probably estranged from their church on this account, for most of them were married by Lutheran or Reformed ministers, and their children generally associated with other Protestant sects. One of the most loyal of Mennonites produced descendants, 90% of whom were no longer associated with his church.

The Reverend Melchior resided in a large stone house on property which he had bought from an Englishman. On the property were a log house, a small, and one large stone house which were still standing in 1895, with the stone houses being occupied.

He’d have been about 45 when he met Ulrich Eyman and his wife Maria, newly arriving immigrants from the Rheinland. Little is known for certain of the relationship between Eyman and Brenneman, though it was one of trust. Ulrich Eyman died within a year or so of arriving, and in the absence of a will, Melchior played an important role with the widow in settling the estate matters of what seems to be a merchant. Surviving him were his second wife, Maria Agatha, his daughter Magdalena (born in 1737 inAlsenbrück, Pfalz), a son Christian (by his first wife, Maria Fuchs), and the infant Johan Heinrich ("Henry"), who was fated to become a blacksmith in Lampeter, a Revolutionary Soldier, settler in Rockingham, and squire in Richland Township of Fairfield County, Ohio. Henry married Mary Sager and had most of his children baptized at the First Reformed Church in Lancaster.

Melchior transferred a number of his main properties to a son-in-law in 1784. Retiring from active life he divided over 800 acres of farms among his sons and sons-in-law, and moved from the large to the small stone house where he resided until his last days. He lived a life of humility with few worldy goods as he watched his children and grandchildren prosper with the lands he had made ready for them. He wrote his will at the age of 83, together with his 77 year old wife in 1806. The unique will was witnesses by Abraham Brenneman, the husband of Magdalena Eyman Shank.

Abraham Brenneman

Melchior’s son Abraham Brenneman may have met the Eyman family in these early years. If so, he’d have met Magdalena Eyman, about ten years older than himself and the mother of his second wife. In 1763 Abaham wasn’t quite 20 years old. He had yet to make his way in the world. By 1770 he had moved to the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia.

Abraham had been born on the family homestead that his father had inherited from his grandfather. He was the third of thirteen children, and therefore among those expected to find property elsewhere. In this family, as in so many of German stock it seems that it was often the youngest son who inherited the homestead. Abraham and his older brothers Peter and Melchior visited Donegal and Derry Townships in the northwest where ancestral lands were in the hands of cousins. The brothers seem to have settled there in 1768 though Abraham, perhaps wanting more land, went to Virginia. They seem to have lived a short time in Page and Augusta counties before settling on a farm four miles below New Market, near Pennypacker's Mill on Smith Creek. Ultimately, Brenneman wound up with an 800 acre tract of land near Linville Creek. About 1769 it's thought that Abraham had married the mother of his first eight children.

Their home at Edom in Rockingham County was in an area with farmland of the highest quality and deepest loam. As committed Mennonites, the Brennemans provided lands for the Lindale Mennonite church and cemetery.

There seems to be some disagreements among Brenneman genealogists about the first wife of Abraham. The quite comprehensive 1938 genealogy by Albert Gerberich suggested that Abraham's first wife was Barbara and that she died about 1777. More recent work by Helen Harness suggests that the first wife was Maria Reiff, who lived until 1788. By 1790, Abraham had married Magdalena Shank, the daughter of Adam Shank and Magdalena Eyman, who had also moved to Rockingham from the Lancaster area. Abraham produced an unusual number of Brennemans, with 8 children by each of two wives. All tolled, he seems to have had 111 grandchildren. On census and tax records between 1758 and 1792 Abraham is shown as owning a dwelling and 3 other houses as well as 6 horses. In 1775 he served in the Shenandoah Valley militia in Captain Jacob Holeman's company. (It's thought that most of his brothers served in the militia, in striking contrast to the rigid Mennonite attitude of non-participation in warfare. In about 1800, Abraham built a stone burr gristmill, Turner’s Mill, which was still in operation in 1976. The solid brick walls measure 22 inches and are 5 bricks thick. Near the mill today stands a gorgeous old old brick residence. It was likely built by Melchior, a son of Abraham, in about 1847

During early days in Rockingham, Mennonite church services were often held in the Brenneman home. Abraham developed a family cemetery just north of Edom which was used by many early settlers and which became known as the Lindale Mennonite Cemetery. On another part of his estate, two miles southwest of Edom, a church was built in 1826 named the Brenneman church and also houses a Brenneman cemetery.

Abraham was a hard-working and prominent farmer of the community. A quote from his youngest son says that “he was a tall, slender man, smooth-shaved, and of a robust constitution… He was highly respected by the church and by his neighbors… He was at times seen leading a funeral procession on horseback with the corpse of a child resting in the saddletree before him". Abraham died at his homestead at the age of 70 years in 1815. It’s believed that he died of typhus caused by coming into contact with soldiers returning from the war of 1812. Following the death of Abraham in 1815, Magdalena moved with all of her children to Fairfield Ohio.

Shanks

The Schenk’s, like the Eymans, migrated to America from the Pfalz, after having left the parishes of the Berne area. Many Schenks descending from Michael <1590> became Anabaptist and were in trouble with local authorities and their parishes. In 1671 at the age of 81 it’s thought that he was driven from the Emmenthal valley along with many others. According to Mennonite archives in Amsterdam, it’s thought that 643 Mennonites were driven from this valley in a 2-month period. In 1672, Michael and his family were refuges at Ibersheim Germany, as were Eyman ancestors. Michael soon died in Gemany though his sons Christian and Michael both made it to America. They arrived in 1717, having come with a group of 363 Mennonites who left Germany, traveled down the Rhine River, and boarded sailing ships. About one month after arrival, Christian took out a warrant for 530 acres in what is now Strasburg Township of Lancaster County.  

Michael Schenk, the first child of Christian and his wife Barbara had been born in the Palatinates and was 22 years old when his parents immigrated to America and settled in the Pequa area near Conestoga where many other Mennonite families were located. Michael and Mary had seven sons and one daughter. While most sons seem to have stayed in the Conestoga area or migrated to nearb y townships, Martic or nearby York County PA, Adam, born about 1737 in Conestoga migrated to migrated to Manchester Township in York County of PA. Most of his and Magdalena’s ten children were born there between 1769 and 1782. In 1784, the lure of land seems to have drawn the Shanks to Rockingham. The York county farm was sold and land was bought in Rockingham from a John Schenk in 1785, and from a Michael Schenk in 1786. Two new children were born to the Shanks in Virginia. The Shanks had ten children, and among them was a Magdalena born in 1769 in Manchester Township of York Co., PA. This daughter became the second wife of Abraham Brenneman. Magdalena Shank died in 1802, a year before her husband Adam. Both are thought to be buried besides one another in the Mennonite cemetery in Edom.