Iman family notes

Beginning the Revolution

1775 to 1776

"Late in 1775, Jacob, Jacob, and Christian Eyeman of Paxtang volunteered to serve in the militia. They suffered in the retreat from Fort Washington, crossed the Deleware and were part of the battles of Princeton and Trenton."

April 14, 1775 - Massachusetts Governor Gage was ordered (secretly) by the British to suppress "open rebellion" among colonists with all necessary force.

April 18, 1775 - When Gage ordered 700 British soldiers to Concord to destroy the colonists' weapons depot, Paul Revere rode from Boston to warn colonists. At dawn the next day, militiamen stood face to face with British troops on the Lexington green. An unordered 'shot heard around the world' began the American Revolution. News of the events at Lexington and Concord spread like wildfire throughout the Colonies.

April 23, 1775 - The Provincial Congress in Massachusetts ordered 13,600 American soldiers to be mobilized. Volunteers from all over New England headed for Boston and began a year long siege of British-held town.

May 10, 1775 - American forces led by Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold captured Fort Ticonderoga in New York and hauled the military equipment they captures to Boston by ox.

May 10, 1775 - The Second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia, with John Hancock as its president. The Congress unanimously voted to appoint George Washington general and commander-in-chief of a new Continental Army.

June 17, 1775 - The first major fight between British and Americans was the Battle of Bunker Hill. American troops stood off repeated assaults until they ran out of ammunition. The British took the hill, but with over a thousand casualties, with 400 Americans downed.

July 3, 1775 - At Cambridge, Massachusetts, George Washington took command of the Continental Army with it's nearly 17,000 men.

July 5, 1775 - The Continental Congress aimed for reconciliation with Britain, though King George III refused to even look at the petition.

July 6, 1775 - The Continental Congress issued a declaration detailing the colonists' reasons for fighting the British and resolving to "die free men rather than live as slaves."

November 28, 1775 - The Navy is established by Congress. The next day, Congress appoints a secret committee to seek help from European nations.

December 23, 1775 - King George III issued a proclamation closing the American colonies to all commerce and trade, to take effect in March of 1776.

January 5, 1776 - The assembly of New Hampshire adopted the first American state constitution.

January 9, 1776 - Thomas Paine's "Common Sense" was published in Philadelphia and became an instang best-seller.

March 4-17, 1776 - American forces captured the heights overlooking Boston harbor, causing the British to set sail. George Washington rushed to New York to set up defenses, anticipating the British plan to invade New York City.

April 6, 1776 - The Continental Congress declared colonial shipping ports open to all traffic except the British. The Congress had authorized raids on British ships and advised the disarming all Americans loyal to England.

May 2, 1776 - The American revolutionaries got foreign support they had been hoping for. King Louis XVI of France commited one million dollars in arms and munitions. Spain promised support.

May 10, 1776 - The Continental Congress authorized each of the 13 colonies to form local (provincial) governments.

June 28, 1776 - In South Carolina, American forces successfully defended Charleston against a British naval attack.

June-July, 1776 - A massive British war fleet arrives in New York Harbor under the command of General William Howe and his brother Admiral Lord Richard Howe.

June-July, 1776 - The Declaration of Independence is produced and soon signed.

July 12, 1776 - Two British frigates sailed up the Hudson River blasting their guns. Peace offers were then made. Gen. Washington listened to offers, and politely declined.

August 27-29, 1776 - Gen. Howe lead 15,000 soldiers against Washington's army in the Battle of Long Island. Washington, outnumbered two to one, suffered a severe defeat. The Americans retreated to Brooklyn Heights, fearing capture or the need to surrender. But at night, the Americans crossed the East River in small boats and escaped to Manhattan. Washington from then avoids large battles with a series of retreats.

September 11, 1776 - A peace conference was held on Staten Island with British Admiral Lord Howe. The conference failed when colonists refused to revoke the Declaration of Independence.

September 16, 1776 - After evacuating New York City, Washington's army repulsed a British attack during the Battle of Harlem Heights in upper Manhattan. Several days later, fire engulfed New York City and destroyed over 300 buildings.

September 22, 1776 - After he was caught spying on British troops on Long Island, Nathan Hale was executed without a trial, his last words, "I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country."

September 26, 1776 - Congress appoints Jefferson and Franklin to negotiate treaties with European governments. Franklin headed to France seeking financial and military aid.

October 11, 1776 - A big defeat for the inexperienced American Navy on Lake Champlain was had at the hands of a British fleet of 87 gunships. In seven hours most of the American flotilla of 83 gunships were crippled with the remaining ships destroyed two days later.

October 28, 1776 - After evacuating his main forces from Manhattan, Washington's army suffered heavy casualties in the Battle of White Plains.

November, 1776 - More victories for the British as Fort Washington on Manhattan and its store of over 100 cannons, thousands of muskets and cartridges. Washington's army suffered 3000 casualties and abandoned the New York area. Washington moved his forces further west toward the Delaware River, with Cornwallis pursuing him.

December 6, 1776 - The naval base at Newport, Rhode Island, is captured by the British.

December 11, 1776 - Washington took his troops across the Delaware River into Pennsylvania. Fearing an attack by the British, he abandoned Philadelphia for Baltimore. Among Washington's troops is Thomas Paine, author of Common Sense.

December 25-26, 1776 - On Christmas, George Washington took 2400 of his men and recrossed the Delaware River, conducting a surprise raid on 1500 British-Hessians (German mercenaries) at Trenton, New Jersey. The Hessians surrender after an hour with nearly many taken prisoner by Washington who suffered only six wounded. Washington reoccupied Trenton, providing a much needed boost to the morale of all American Patriots.