According to the Philadelphia Archives, two Jacobs and a Christopher Eyeman
from Upper Paxtang were patriots in the Revolutionary War, serving at least
for a short period in Colonel James Burd's 4th Battalion under the
leadership of Captain James Murray. One thing to note about this important information
is that the Eymans were not serving with German speakers, but with neighbors
who were predominately Scottish or Irish in background. Another to note is that
this comany of volunteers was among the very first in the area and in the nation
to get into the field of battle. Perhaps Eymans were already moderately well
assimilated. They seem not to have been retiscent based on religious grounds
to protect the community. Perhaps they were influenced by the Paxtang
Boys. A brief timeline for the Revolutionary War is provided
for those seeking context.
Henry Peden, in "Revolutionary Patriots of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania 1775-1783"
suggests that these Eymans were present at the battles of Princeton and Trenton.
He also suggests that Jacob was with Captain Murray's Company when he lost his
pouch and horn at the reduction of Fort Washington on November 16, 1776.
William Engle, in "History of Dauphin and Lebanon Counties" suggests: "This
company first went into service in November or December of 1775, and was present
at the battles of Trenton and Princeton. The members of the company nearly all
resided in what was then Upper Paxtang township, or in the section of country
from the present town of Dauphin extending to Halifax. Beyond and around the
latter locality was Captain Reed's company.
Engle ("History of Dauphin and Lebanon Counties") considers the following report
fairly comprehensive though he alerts to numerous spelling errors in the listing
of names. Footnotes have been provided for comments.
A return of Captain James Murray's company of Associators of the Fourth Battalion
of Lancaster County, commanded by James Burd,
March 13, 1776:
Captain: James Murray
First Lieutenant: Peter Sturgeon
Second Lieutenant: John Simpson
Ensign: John Ryen
Bell, John, Sr.
Bell, John, Jr.
Bell, William , Jr.
Bell, William, Sr.
Cochran, John, Sr.
Cochran, John, Jr.
Eyeman, Jacob (1)
Eyeman, Jacob (2)
Gartner, George Adam
Plouge (Plough?), Samuel
 James Burd, a Scot,
was born near Edinburgh in 1726 and came to Philadelphia in 1747. He came to
the Paxtang area in about 1755 where he resided until his death. He entered
Provincial service as early as 1755 and helped to lay out a road from "Harris'
Ferry to the Ohio". There are many historical citations of Burd's leadership
in building stockades and roads during the French and Indian Wars. "Then the
stirring days of the Revolution came, and with it disaster to Burd as a public
man. An&an unfortunate dispute about crank occurred; that, with insubordination
in his command, and some criticism in the "Committee of Safety," caused him
to resign his civil and military employments.
 James Murray, the
son of William Murray and was born in Scotland about 1729. His brother John
also commanded Revolutionary troops. In 1768 he took out a patent for land in
Upper Paxtang adjoining the present town of Dauphin. In 1775 he was chosen a
member of the Committee foof Safety for his township, and on the 8th
of November took his place in the gee general committee for Lancaster County.
 A family from Northern
Ireland with children born in Upper Paxtang as of 1740s
 A John Simpson
is listed in 1779 Upper Paxtang tax rolls. A 2nd Lt. John Simpson
of Bucks County married Margaret Murray in 1776; She was the daughter of Captain
John Murray, the brother of Captain James Murray.
 A John Ryan appears
on 1799 Upper Paxtang tax rolls
JOHN, son of the Irishman William Ayres and his wife Mary
Kean, was born February 9, 1754 at Pennypack, Philadelphia
County. The family migrated in 1773 to the Paxtang area when
John was twenty-one . John subsequently became the owner of
the homestead t called "Ayresburg." This may be the "Ayres
house", a dwelling NW of Dauphin is listed as a restoration
project of the Philadelphia Architects and Building Project.
In 1775, on the first call for volunteers for the Revolutionary
army, he enlisted in Capt. Matthew Smith's company of riflemen,
formed in Lancaster county, and detailed on the expedition
against Quebec under Arnold, but before Boston, he took sick.
On March 13, 1776, he again enlisted in Captain Manning's
company of the Fourth battalion of Lancaster county, commanded
by Col. James Burd. His father and several of his connections
belonged to the same company. He appears on the returns list
above, perhaps between services. John Ayres was visible in
Upper Paxtang tax listing for 1779 directly adjacent to Jacob
 Served company
of the 4th battalion of Lancaster County. Commanded by Colonel James Burd,
Captain Murray's company. Captain Murray was captured by the British at the
battle of Long Island, NY. William Bell was promoted to Captain, served in
retreat from Brooklyn, Harlem Heights, Fort Lee. His company was surprised
at Fort Washington and lost their guns, powder horns and blankets. (It is
noted that two years later, Bell was fined seven bushels of fodder and two
bushels of corn for his share of the losses.) He served in the retreat through
New Jersey and fought in the battle of Philadelphia (Germantown?) . Elected
Lieutenant, Flying Camp in 1776.
 David Davis served
with the Eymans under Captain Murray, though little can be found about him.
He may be the David Davis who married Sarah McCormick, the daughter of an
Irish couple who had immigrated to American in 1735, locating in Paxtang township.
 This notation follows
that provided by William Engle in his publication, "History of Dauphin and
Lebanon Counties". Other listings have looked as though they might represent
editing errors, while this reinforces the notion of two separate Jacobs. Perhaps
information was not sufficient to label one "Jr." and another "Sr."?
 James Peacock,
the eldest son of William Peacock and Mary McArthur of Scotch-Irish ancestry,
was born in Paxtang township. Bittinger, in "Allegheny Passages" notes that
Eymans of Hardy intermarried with the Peacock family there, though dates and
possible ties beween the Peacocks have not been determined.